Have you ever experienced a sense of guilt even though
you know you have not violated Scripture? This is more common than you may
think.
When a person feels guilty without cause we say they may
be suffering from what Scripture calls a weak conscience. This is triggered by
something other than the Word of God. Often a person with weak conscience
is an immature believer, and is easily swayed by every wind of teaching both
unbiblical and extra biblical. This believer is untrained in grace and law and
feels guilty for all the wrong reasons.
She is subjected to self-imposed standards, or
people-imposed standards.  Perhaps it is
from having a very legalistic church background. If the particular church or
denomination held to separatist views or was very intrusive into areas of life
a sense of guilt develops and you are looking over your shoulder to see if you
are being watched for the sake of rebuke. But it doesn’t even have to be
that severe. Many churches set up these ideals for people that are not wrong
and are even respectful- like men should always wear a tie to church, and women
must always wear dresses with heels. We could also include opinions on the
version of the Bible you read or the kind of music you listen to. 
Many of these picky areas among Christians are things
Scripture is silent on. But the person who dares to step outside of the strict
parameters set up by their church or group of people will experience guilt when
they decide not to follow those rules any longer. One person said she felt like
a traitor to her religious upbringing when she began to attend
a Bible Church! I was afraid the first time I went to a different
church, because the Catholic Church I grew up in said that I would go to hell
if I ever set foot in a different kind of church!
The issue of weak conscience was a huge issue among
Paul’s Gentile converts, who in their former way of life participated in pagan
rituals and ate the meat from the temple sacrifices, and among the Jewish
converts who were learning from Peter that all food is clean and can be eaten.
The ceremonial law had been fulfilled in Christ and so the dietary restrictions
were now a thing of the past for everyone.
Paul addressed the area of Christian liberty in Romans
14:1-5 and Romans 14:22-23 where he said,
The faith which
you have, have as your own conviction before God. Happy is he who does not
condemn himself in what he approves. But he who doubts is condemned if he eats,
because his eating is not
from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin.”
In Rome, people were going against something
they thought was a command of Scripture.
In Corinth the issue was eating the food from the temple. The person
with a weak conscience does not act in faith (Rom. 14:23) and sins against what
he thinks is God.
Warren Weirsbe says “If
it’s doubtful, it’s dirty!” is a good policy to follow. No one would drink milk
or water that possibly was contaminated; nor would we accept food that might
possibly be poisoned. Yet many Christians carelessly engage in practices that
even the world questions. They never face the fact that whatever is doubtful is
not of faith, and therefore is sin.”
If you are struggling with this, I would encourage you to
put your “guilt” on paper and then seek out the truth from God’s Word and see
if it is sin you have committed. If it is, then the remedy is confession and
repentance. Change your actions by renewing your mind, putting off the old
sinful behavior and take the righteous life Christ has purchased for you with
His blood.
If it is not able to be pinpointed as sin, then I would
suggest you get some solid counsel from another believer who is well grounded
in the Word. You may be tormenting yourself needlessly and you are not to
live as a slave to fear.

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